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The topics collected their diets on the Division of Vitamin, Train and Sports activities on the College of Copenhagen. Credit score: Jakob Helbig/College of Copenhagen.

Sufferers with sort 2 diabetes enhance their skill to manage blood sugar ranges in the event that they eat meals with a diminished carbohydrate content material and an elevated share of protein and fats. That is proven by a latest research performed at Bispebjerg Hospital in collaboration with, amongst different companions, Aarhus College and the Division of Vitamin, Train and Sports activities on the College of Copenhagen. The findings are opposite to the standard dietary suggestions for sort 2 diabetics.

Dietary remedy is necessary to deal with the sort 2 diabetes optimally, however the suggestions are unclear. Based on the Danish Well being Authority, as much as 85 % of newly recognized sufferers with sort 2 diabetes are obese, and they’re usually suggested to observe a diet targeted on weight loss containing fewer energy than they burn, low fats content material and a excessive content material of carbohydrates with a low glycemic index (a measure of how shortly a meals impacts blood sugar ranges).

Diminished carbohydrate content material—enhance in protein and fats

A central side within the therapy of sort 2 diabetes is the affected person’s skill to manage their blood sugar ranges, and new analysis now signifies {that a} diet with a diminished carbohydrate content material and an elevated share of protein and fats improves the affected person’s skill to manage his or her blood sugar ranges in contrast with the standard dietary suggestions. As well as, it reduces liver fats content material and in addition has a useful impact on fats metabolism in sort 2 diabetics.

“The aim of our research was to analyze the results of the diet with out ‘interference’ from a weight loss. For that cause, the sufferers had been requested to take care of their weight. Our research confirms the belief {that a} diet with a diminished carbohydrate content material can enhance sufferers’ skill to manage their blood sugar ranges—with out the sufferers concurrently reducing weight,” says Thure Krarup, MD, from the Division of Endocrinology at Bispebjerg Hospital. “Our findings are necessary, as a result of we have eliminated weight loss from the equation. Earlier research have supplied contradictory conclusions, and weight loss has sophisticated interpretations in a variety of these research.”

New dietary suggestions for sort 2 diabetics in future

Reduced carbohydrate intake improves type 2 diabetics' ability to regulate blood sugar
An instance of one of many trial meals with a diminished carbohydrate content material and an elevated protein and fats content material. Credit score: College of Copenhagen

Based mostly on the rising physique of proof, clinicians would possibly rethink the dietary suggestions for sufferers with sort 2 diabetes. Thure Krarup says, “The research exhibits that by lowering the share of carbohydrates within the diet and rising the share of protein and fats, you possibly can each deal with excessive blood sugar and cut back liver fats content material. Additional intensive analysis is required with a purpose to optimize our dietary suggestions for sufferers with sort 2 diabetes.” Krarup says that the findings must be confirmed in large-scale, long-term managed trials.

The findings of the research have been printed in Diabetologia in an article titled “A carbohydrate-reduced high-protein diet improves HbA1c and liver fats content material in weight secure topics with sort 2 diabetes: a randomized managed trial.”

Abstract: What did the research present?

  • A diet with a diminished carbohydrate content material, excessive protein content material and reasonably elevated fats content material improves glycemic management (the flexibility to manage blood sugar) by lowering blood sugar after meals and ‘long-term blood sugar’ (measured by HbA1c, which is a blood take a look at used to measure the common blood sugar degree over roughly the previous two months).
  • A diet with a diminished carbohydrate content material, a excessive protein content material and a reasonably elevated fats content material reduces liver fats content material.
  • A diet with a diminished carbohydrate content material could also be useful to sufferers with sort 2 diabetes even when it doesn’t result in weight loss.

The research varieties a part of CutDM, which examines whether or not a diet with diminished carbohydrate content material and elevated protein and fats content material improves sort 2 sufferers’ blood sugar regulation.

28 sufferers with sort 2 diabetes participated within the research over a complete interval of 12 weeks. For six weeks, the sufferers got a traditional diabetes diet with a excessive carbohydrate content material, and, for the opposite six weeks, they got a diet with a diminished carbohydrate content material, excessive protein content material and reasonably elevated fats content material. The sufferers got the diet sorts in random order.


Excessive-fat diet lowered blood sugar and improved blood lipids in diabetics


Extra data:
Mads J. Skytte et al, A carbohydrate-reduced high-protein diet improves HbA1c and liver fats content material in weight secure contributors with sort 2 diabetes: a randomised managed trial, Diabetologia (2019). DOI: 10.1007/s00125-019-4956-4
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Diminished carbohydrate consumption improves sort 2 diabetics’ skill to manage blood sugar (2019, August 12)
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